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|Feb 25, 2012

Emerald green views of Sognefjord, Norway

Sognefjord - Beautiful fjords (c) Candida Performa

Have you been searching for some greeny scenes along a cruise instead of glaciers? Sognefjord, Norway is famed as having emerald look of green lushes and spectacular mountain slopes that make every tourist wow! Enjoy your water ride and see for yourself the untamed beauty of Mother Earth. According to Wikispaces, Sognefjord has been chiseled into shape during the Ice Age. Sognefjord is Norway's deepest and longest fjord and a geographic marvel. Its sheer edges soar from the watery depths of the North Atlantic, while waterfalls cascade from its peaks. One of continental Europe's largest glaciers, iridescent Jostedalsbreen weaves through the jagged mountain passes of Sogn og Fjordane. Within the Arctic Circle, northern Norway lies under the crunch of heavy snowfall and vast tracts of virgin forest.

Mundal, Fjaerland, Sognefjord, Norway, ca. 1897 (c) Trialsanderrors

If you're wondering why Sognefjord is being loved by people who have visited the spot, I think it's better for you to discover for yourself and get to know the many reasons why. According to Wikipediathe Sognefjord (or Sognefjorden) is the largest fjord in Norway, and the second longest in the world. Located in Sogn og Fjordane county, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland to the small village of Skjolden. The fjord takes its name from the traditional district of Sogn.

Mundal Fjaerland Sognefjord Norway (c) Snapshots Of The Past

Sognefjord (c) xdmag

"This arm of Sognefjord is the most narrow fjord - hence the steep walls and completely calm water." said by the author of this photo.

Geography

The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 metres (4,291 ft) below sea level, and the greatest depths are found in the inland parts of the fjord. Near its mouth, the bottom rises abruptly to a sill about 100 metres (330 ft) below sea level. The average width of the main branch of the Sognefjord is about 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi). Cliffs surrounding the fjord rise almost sheer from the water to heights of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and more.

Sognefjord (c) Aicyss

Sognefjord (c) Aicyss

The inner end of the Sognefjord is localized southeast of a mountain range rising to about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level and covered by the Jostedalsbreen, continental Europe's largest glacier. Thus the climate of the inner end of Sognefjord and its branches is not as wet as on the outer coastline.

Smaller fjords which branch off from the Sognefjord include EsefjordenFjærlandsfjord,SogndalsfjordLustrafjordÅrdalsfjordLærdalsfjordAurlandsfjord, and Nærøyfjord (which is also a World Heritage Site).

Sognefjord (c) Guillaume Baviere

Sognefjord Norway (c) Christopher Macsurak

Lustrafjord

The innermost arm of the Sognefjord is called the Lustrafjord. At its end, there is the village of Skjolden, which is an access to Jotunheimen National Park. In earlier times, transport from Bergen to the Scandinavian inland and vice versa was done by boat from Bergen to Skjolden and from there on a simple road over the highlands.

Sognefjord (c) Guillaume Baviere

Sognefjord (c) Guillaume Baviere

Tourism

Around the inner end of the fjord, three of Norway's famous stave churches have survived:Kaupanger and Urnes (along the shoreline) and Borgund (30 kilometres / 19 miles into the Lærdal valley).Boats connect settlements along the fjord and its sidearms. Towns on the fjord and its branches include HøyangerVikSogndalLærdalÅrdalGaupneBalestrandGudvangen, and Flåm.Gudvangen is situated by the Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord particularly noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery, and only 300 metres (980 ft) across at its narrowest point. The Nærøyfjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. From Flåm, the Flåm Railway climbs 864 metres (2,835 ft) up to Myrdal Station in a distance of only 20 kilometres (12 mi)—the steepest unassisted railway climb in the world.

Sognefjord, Norway (c) Nigel's Europe

The Sognefjord Span (power lines) crosses the fjord with a span of 4,597 metres (15,082 ft). This is the second largest span of power lines in the world. The fjord has become a tourist attraction with summer tourists being an important part of the local economy.

Sognefjord - Beautiful fjords (c) Candida Performa

Sognefjord (w)underland (c) Patrik Jones

"From a boat trip between Flåm and Gudvanger. We had cloud on the first route, sun came through on the return. The fjords are beautiful, whichever way or weather you see them in though. This from somewhere close to Underland - must have been something that inspired the name.." said by the author of this photo.

More and more people get to enjoy the scenic views while having their ferry rides offered by the locals. Each captivating landscapes and wonderful backdrops give the tourist amazing feeling and memories that they can bring back home. Wikitravel also states that Sognefjorden is a fjord in the county of Sogn og Fjordane in Norway. The district surrounding the fjord is known as Sogn. Sognefjorden is the longest fjord in Europe. Nærøyfjord, a World Heritage Site, is one of the fjords of Sognefjorden.

The Sognefjord is crossed by the second largest stretch of a powerline in the world. Its span width is 4597 metres! Do not expect tall pylon at the end of this stretch. They are not required, because of the topography.

Sognefjord (c) Red Junasun

A stop on the Sognefjord ferry headed for Bergen (c) Tu

Sognefjord (c) Guillaume Baviere

Sognefjord (c) Guillaume Baviere

Sognefjord Sunset, Norway (c) Suomi Star

"Glaciers spent eons carving up western Norway as they worked their way to the sea. Slowly, they gouged u-shaped valleys that later filled with water, creating the defining feature of Norway's landscape — fjords. For more information on the Rick Steves' Europe TV series — including episode descriptions, scripts, participating stations, travel information on destinations and more — visit www.ricksteves.com." said by the one who uploaded this video.

Directions

Wikitravel will perfectly guide you to Sognefjord, Norway.

View Larger Map

There are a number of ways to get to the Sognefjord.

By boat - Arguably the most enjoyable way is via a ferry from nearby towns; the most convenient would be one of the high speed catamaran services operated several times each day from Bergen.

By air - The nearest airports are located in Sogndal (IATASOG) and Førde(IATAFDE), although the nearest international airport is located in Bergen (IATABGO).

By rail - Reaching the town of Flåm, sitting at the end of a fjord that branches off the Sognefjord, is possible via an incredibly steep railway line. Called Flåmsbana, the railway line is easily accessible from Bergen and Oslo.

By coach - Many of the towns situated along the fjord are also accessible by up to several daily coach services. Long distance coach services connect Sogndal with Lillehammer, Lom, Oslo and Bergen. The outer Sognefjord area is connected by long-distance coaches to Ålesund, Trondheim and Bergen.

Get around

There are several local bus lines as well as long-distance coach lines. Companies named Fjord1 and Sogn og Fjordane Public Transport Authorityare major operators. There are local high-speed boat services and ferry services. Keep in mind that some routes may have a limited schedule.

Car rental firms are located in Sogndal (three major ones including Avis, Hertz and Europcar), Flåm and Årdalstangen, as well as in Førde which is not located on the Sognefjord.

By boat - The Flåm-Balestrand service is very scenic. Other services is the combined ship sailing between villages on the southern side of the fjord between Ortnevik and Vik. Most villages are without roads. One can also cross the fjord from Ortnevik to Måren and Nordeide.

By ferry - The Sognefjord is crossed at several points by car ferries with frequent departures.

By tourist boat/ferry - There are several summer-only tourist routes, including Fjord1 operated Bergen to Flåm catamaran, the ferries from Flåm and Lærdal to Gudvangen, as well as other trips on the Fjærlandsfjord and the Nærøyfjord.

By bus - The larger settlements are served by local buses to rural areas, and long-distance coaches and local buses connect the settlements. The schedules may be very limited, with routes often only operating a couple of times a day, and even a couple of times a week for some sparsely populated areas.

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